Hemp : Cannabis sativa, Indian hemp

Hemp, (Cannabis sativa), also called Indian hemp, plant of the family Cannabaceae cultivated for its fibre (bast fibre) or its edible seeds. Hemp is sometimes confused with the cannabis plants that serve as sources of the drug,
Although all three products—hemp, contain (THC), a compound that produces psychoactive effects in humans, the variety of cannabis cultivated for hemp has only small amounts of THC.

Hemp,Indian hemp, Cannabis sativa, which grows all over the world except in very cold climates. It is used in religious practices in India and Africa,

 

Hemp originated in Central Asia. Hemp cultivation for fibre was recorded in China as early as 2800 BCE and was practiced in the Mediterranean countries of Europe early in the Christian era, spreading throughout the rest of Europe during the Middle Ages. It was planted in Chile in the 1500s and a century later in North America. 

Hemp is grown in temperate zones as an annual cultivated from seed and can reach a height of up to 5 metres (16 feet).  The slender stalks are hollow except at the tip and base. The leaves are compound with palmate shape, and the flowers are small and greenish yellow.

The fibre, longer and less flexible than flax, It is strong and durable and is used for cordage—e.g., twine, yarn, rope, cable, and string—and for artificial sponges and such coarse fabrics as sacking (burlap) and canvas. In Italy some hemp receives special processing, producing whitish colour and attractive lustre, and is used to make fabric similar to linen.

In  1940 a film promoted the production of hemp for the U.S. war effort.

The edible seeds are source of protein, fibre, and magnesium. Shelled hemp seeds, sometimes called hemp hearts, are sold as a health food and may be eaten raw; they are commonly sprinkled on salads or blended with fruit smoothies. Historically, the seed’s chief commercial use has been for caged-bird feed.

hemp seed
Unshelled hemp seeds (Cannabis sativa). AdstockRF .Although only the hemp plant yields true hemp, a number of other plant fibres are called “hemp.” These include Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum).